爱因斯坦-布里渊-克勒方法/EBK方法 Einstein–Brillouin–Keller method

The Einstein–Brillouin–Keller method (EBK) is a semiclassical method (named after Albert Einstein, Léon Brillouin, and Joseph B. Keller) used to compute eigenvalues in quantum-mechanical systems. EBK quantization is an improvement from Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization which did not consider the caustic phase jumps at classical turning points. This procedure is able to reproduce exactly the spectrum of the 3D harmonic oscillator, particle in a box, and even the relativistic fine structure of the hydrogen atom.

In 1976–1977, Berry and Tabor derived an extension to Gutzwiller trace formula for the density of states of an integrable system starting from EBK quantization.

There have been a number of recent results on computational issues related to this topic, for example, the work of Eric J. Heller and Emmanuel David Tannenbaum using a partial differential equation gradient descent approach.

参考资料:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Einstein–Brillouin–Keller_method

https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/爱因斯坦-布里渊-克勒方法