莱昂哈德·欧拉 Leonhard Paul Euler

Leonhard Euler (/ˈɔɪlər/; 15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783) was a Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomer, geographer, logician and engineer who founded the studies of graph theory and topology and made pioneering and influential discoveries in many other branches of mathematics such as analytic number theory, complex analysis, and infinitesimal calculus. He introduced much of modern mathematical terminology and notation, including the notion of a mathematical function. He is also known for … 继续阅读莱昂哈德·欧拉 Leonhard Paul Euler

约翰·卡尔·弗里德里希·高斯 Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (/ɡaʊs/; 30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855) was a German mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to many fields in mathematics and science. Sometimes referred to as the Princeps mathematicorum (Latin for ‘”the foremost of mathematicians”‘) and “the greatest mathematician since antiquity”, Gauss had an exceptional influence in many fields of mathematics and science, and is ranked among history’s most influ … 继续阅读约翰·卡尔·弗里德里希·高斯 Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss

格奥尔格·弗雷德里希·伯恩哈德·黎曼 Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann

Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann (17 September 1826 – 20 July 1866) was a German mathematician who made contributions to analysis, number theory, and differential geometry. In the field of real analysis, he is mostly known for the first rigorous formulation of the integral, the Riemann integral, and his work on Fourier series. His contributions to complex analysis include most notably the introduction of Riemann surfaces, breaking new ground in a natural, geometric treatment of complex analysis. … 继续阅读格奥尔格·弗雷德里希·伯恩哈德·黎曼 Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann

朱尔·亨利·庞加莱 Jules Henri Poincaré

Jules Henri Poincaré (UK: /ˈpwæ̃kɑːreɪ/ [US: stress final syllable] 29 April 1854 – 17 July 1912) was a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and philosopher of science. He is often described as a polymath, and in mathematics as “The Last Universalist”, since he excelled in all fields of the discipline as it existed during his lifetime. As a mathematician and physicist, he made many original fundamental contributions to pure and applied mathematics, mathematical phys … 继续阅读朱尔·亨利·庞加莱 Jules Henri Poincaré

约翰·冯·诺依曼 John von Neumann

John von Neumann (/vɒn ˈnɔɪmən/; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist and engineer. Von Neumann was regarded as perhaps the mathematician with the widest coverage of the subject in his time and was said to have been “the last representative of the great mathematicians who were equally at home in pure and applied mathematics”. He integrated pure and applied sciences. Von Neumann made major contributions to many fie … 继续阅读约翰·冯·诺依曼 John von Neumann

艾伦·麦席森·图灵 Alan Mathison Turing

Alan Mathison Turing (/ˈtjʊərɪŋ/; 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English mathematician, computer scientist, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist. Turing was highly influential in the development of theoretical computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of algorithm and computation with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general-purpose computer. He is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artifi … 继续阅读艾伦·麦席森·图灵 Alan Mathison Turing

克劳德·艾尔伍德·香农 Claude Elwood Shannon

Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as a “father of information theory”. As a 21-year-old master’s degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of Boolean algebra could construct any logical numerical relationship. Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense of the Unite … 继续阅读克劳德·艾尔伍德·香农 Claude Elwood Shannon

陈省身 Shiing-Shen Chern

Shiing-Shen Chern (/tʃɜːrn/; Chinese: 陳省身; October 28, 1911 – December 3, 2004) was a Chinese-American mathematician and poet. He made fundamental contributions to differential geometry and topology. He has been called the “father of modern differential geometry” and is widely regarded as a leader in geometry and one of the greatest mathematicians of the twentieth century, winning numerous awards and recognition including the Wolf Prize and the inaugural Shaw Prize. In memory of Shii … 继续阅读陈省身 Shiing-Shen Chern

让·巴普蒂斯·约瑟夫·傅里叶 Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier

Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier (/ˈfʊrieɪ, -iər/; 21 March 1768 – 16 May 1830) was a French mathematician and physicist born in Auxerre and best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series, which eventually developed into Fourier analysis and harmonic analysis, and their applications to problems of heat transfer and vibrations. The Fourier transform and Fourier’s law of conduction are also named in his honour. Fourier is also generally credited with the discovery of the greenhous … 继续阅读让·巴普蒂斯·约瑟夫·傅里叶 Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier