赫巴德模型 Hubbard model

The Hubbard model is an approximate model used, especially in solid-state physics, to describe the transition between conducting and insulating systems. The Hubbard model, named after John Hubbard, is a simple model of interacting particles in a lattice, with only two terms in the Hamiltonian (see example below): a kinetic term allowing for tunneling (“hopping”) of particles between sites of the lattice and a potential term consisting of an on-site interaction. The particles can eith … 继续阅读赫巴德模型 Hubbard model